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Integrated Project Delivery:
A Platform for Efficient Construction


WWCOT has designed this 22,000-ft2 (2,000-m2) office building in Palm Springs, California, to share with the builder, D. W. Johnston Construction. The parties used integrated project delivery to structure a collaborative process.

Integrated project delivery, or IPD, is at first glance simply a contract mechanism. Like other common structures, including design-bid-build and design-build, it is a legal framework that the owner, the architect, and the builder can use to collaborate on a design and construction project. Specific IPD contract documents have been developed by several organizations, including The American Institute of Architects (AIA), which released in May 2008 a version of IPD that joins the library of contract templates the organization publishes.

IPD represents more than a legal framework, though. “IPD is part of an entire industry transformation,” says Markku Allison, AIA, resource architect for AIA as well as its in-house IPD expert. Allison points to several factors driving that transformation, principally a growing aware ...

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